Finding the Best Targets for Precision Cancer Treatment

The inner world of a cancerous tumor is a place of intense rivalry, subversion, and aggression. Multiple subgroups of malignant cells – each with its own pattern of molecular features – vie with one another for nutrients, access to the blood supply, and room to grow and spread.

cancer research

Kornelia Polyak, MD, PhD, in her lab.

This diversity, or “heterogeneity,” complicates efforts to develop drugs that target the abnormal proteins in tumor cells. With so many subsets of cancer cells to choose from, how can researchers know which ones represent the tumor’s Achilles’ heel – the ones that are the tumor’s greatest vulnerability?

Researchers generally assumed that these most vital cells are the ones that grow and proliferate the fastest. But because the research involved cells grown in laboratory glassware, it may not reflect what happens in patients. To better model real-world conditions, Dana-Farber scientists led by Kornelia Polyak, MD, PhD, and Franziska Michor, PhD, studied heterogeneity in breast cancer samples implanted in laboratory animals.

Their findings obliterated the conventional wisdom. Instead of the fastest-growing cells being the main drivers of tumor growth, the key cells turn out to be the ones that alter tumor tissue in a way that spurs their own growth.

“The goal of truly individualized therapy for cancer is to kill the subsets of cells that are driving the tumor’s growth at the time of treatment – even if other subsets are proliferating more robustly,” Polyak states. “We need to be sure we can accurately identify and target those drivers.”

Make An Appointment

For adults: 877-960-1562

Quick access: Appointments as soon as the next day for new adult patients

For children: 888-733-4662

Latest Tweets

Dana-Farber @danafarber
Treatment with #immunotherapy drugs hasn’t yet been approved for small cell #lungcancer, but some early findings in…
Dana-Farber @danafarber
Going through #braincancer treatment at age 24, Alex Berking is experiencing a new connection to her late father –…
Dana-Farber @danafarber
What is #mastocytosis and how is it treated?

Patient and Family Blogs

Patients and families of patients at Dana-Farber often chronicle their own experiences with cancer.

Here are some blogs that you can follow.