How Does Bladder Cancer Affect the Urinary System?

Urinary problems are more common among older adults, when incontinence and urinary-tract infections become more prevalent and bladder cancer risk rises. About 9 out of 10 bladder cancer patients are above the age of 55, according to the American Cancer Society. The symptoms of bladder cancer can mirror those of other conditions, so it’s important … Continued

Cancer Treatment: A Look at How It Has Evolved in 70 Years

In 1947, when Dana-Farber Cancer Institute founder Sidney Farber, MD, set out to find a drug treatment for childhood leukemia, cancer treatment took two forms – surgery to cut out cancerous masses, and radiation therapy to burn them out. Cancers that couldn’t be removed or irradiated – either because of their position in the body, because … Continued

How Is Immunotherapy Used to Treat Bladder Cancer?

Although immunotherapy seems like a recent phenomenon, physicians have been using the strategy to treat bladder cancer since 1990, when the BCG vaccine, made from a live but weakened tuberculosis bacilli, was approved for early stage cancer that hasn’t invaded the bladder’s muscular wall. Today, BCG is still the recommended standard of care for high-grade … Continued

What Are the Symptoms of Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer accounts for only five percent of new cancer cases in America – a small piece of the pie – but considering it is the fourth most common cancer in men, it is important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of this disease. The most common sign of bladder cancer is blood … Continued

Immunotherapy Beats Chemotherapy for Advanced Bladder Cancer Patients

The immunotherapy drug pembrolizumab (Keytruda) is the first therapy of any kind to improve survival in patients whose metastatic bladder cancer worsened after treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy. Keytruda proved so much better than chemotherapy in this “second-line” use that an international clinical trial was halted when the advantage became apparent. “This is very good news; … Continued